Head of the Laboratory: Olga Kryakunova, candidate of physical and mathematical sciences
Directions of research:
- monitoring of the neutron component of cosmic rays on the high-mountain neutron monitor 18NM-64 (height 3340 m above sea level, “Cosmostation”);
- physics of galactic and solar cosmic rays, features of their propagation from the boundaries of the heliosphere to the Earth using the 18NM-64 high-altitude neutron monitor and neutron monitors of the world network;
- physics of near-Earth space, in particular, the behavior of the density and anisotropy of galactic cosmic rays, the geomagnetic field, high-energy magnetospheric electrons in geostationary orbit and high-energy protons;
- daily diagnostics of near-Earth space using the Kazakhstani multi-level system for diagnosing and forecasting space weather, including real-time measurements of the intensity of the neutron component of cosmic rays on the 18NM-64 neutron monitor, the geomagnetic field strength and solar radio emission at frequencies of 1 GHz and 2.8 GHz, and also available in the world measurements of solar activity in different wavelength ranges, interplanetary and near-Earth environment based on observations on space observatories and satellites;
- identification of disturbed periods of space weather and their solar sources;
- development of methods for forecasting the radiation and geomagnetic situation based on the data of a network of neutron monitors, ground-based and satellite measurements;
- daily forecast of the average daily Ap-index of geomagnetic activity and the flux of solar radio emission (frequency 2800 MHz) for 55 days in numerical and graphical form, Forecast of the probability of proton increases with a maximum flux >10 pfu for particles with energies >10 MeV and >100 MeV) by 28 days in numerical and graphical form, the forecast of the fluence of high-energy magnetospheric electrons (E> 2 MeV) in geostationary orbits for 28 days;
- study of the influence of space weather factors on the functioning of satellites and aviation;
- study of lithospheric-atmospheric-ionospheric connections and mechanisms of transmission of disturbances from the lithosphere to ionospheric heights at the stage of preparation and occurrence of large earthquakes based on ground-based and satellite recording tools, as well as the development of a theoretical model of electromagnetic lithospheric-atmospheric-ionospheric connections based on the equations of electrodynamics in an anisotropic medium (supervisor of the works, Ph.D. Salikhov N.M.).
- US Air Force grant (special contract (SPC-98-4035) with Air Force Research Laboratory EOARD/AFMC F617089-98-WE064) “Monitoring and Investigation of Ground Level Solar Cosmic Ray Enhancements by Means of High Altitude Neutron Monitor” and the study of ground-based increases in solar cosmic rays using a high-mountain neutron monitor”);
- European grant INTAS-00-0810 “Improvement of methods of control and prognosis of periods of dangerous influence of space weather on satellite’s electronics”;
- European grant INTAS-2000-752 “Key parameters for space weather”;
- European Union Grant under FP7 “Real-time database for high resolution Neutron Monitor measurements (NMDB)” (grant agreement No. 213007, “Establishment of a high-resolution real-time neutron monitor measurement database”).
- Grant project IRN АР088559161 “High-energy magnetospheric electrons and the state of the interplanetary medium”.
The laboratory scientific team participates in the implementation of the following international programs: the international project VarSITI (Variability of the Sun and its impact on the Earth), whose tasks are to study the impact of solar factors on the Earth and near-Earth space and the program of the UN Committee for the Peaceful Exploration of Space UNCOPUOS “International initiatives in the field of space exploration weather.” International cooperation in the field of cosmic ray and space weather research is carried out within the framework of the European collaboration NMDB (www.nmdb.eu) with scientists from far-flung countries (Germany, France, USA, Finland, Switzerland, Slovakia, Greece, Italy, Israel, Spain) and neighboring countries (Russia, Armenia), which is reflected in joint publications
The laboratory staff maintains and upgrades the neutron monitor 18NM-64 and other experimental high-mountain facilities.
The experimental base of the laboratory is located at the high-mountain stations of the institute: the high-mountain base “Cosmostation” (3340 m above sea level) and the high-mountain radio range “Orbit” (2700 m above sea level), as well as at the institute and includes the following facilities:
- neutron supermonitor 18NM-64 (3340 m above sea level, geomagnetic cutoff rigidity R=6.7 GV). It has been operating continuously since 1973. The institute’s cosmic ray station (international designation AATV) with a neutron monitor is one of the key stations in the world network. Experimental data are presented in real time on the website of the Institute. The station is part of the international network of cosmic ray stations NMDB (www.nmdb.eu), where cosmic ray intensity and atmospheric pressure data are sent every minute. Neutron monitor measurements, software, data processing techniques and hardware are constantly upgraded and meet international standards;
- atmospheric pressure sensor BRS-1 (3340 m above sea level);
- equipment for recording solar radio emission at frequencies of 1 GHz and 2.8 GHz, Callisto solar radio emission spectrograph (part of the e-Callisto international network). The Callisto solar radio emission spectrograph allows recording solar radio bursts of II, III, IV, V types and predicting the geoeffectiveness of flare activity (Radio polygon “Orbita”, 2750 m above sea level);
- A.V. Gurevich, G.K. Garipov, A.M. Almenova, V.P. Antonova, A.P. Chubenko, O.A. Kalikulov, A.N. Karashtin, O.N. Kryakunova, V.Yu. Lutsenko, G.G. Mitko, K.M. Mukashev, R.A. Nam, N.F. Nikolaevsky, V.I. Osedlo, M.I. Panasyuk, M.O. Ptitsyn, V.V. Piscal, V.A. Ryabov, N.O. Saduev, T.Kh. Sadykov, K.Yu. Saleev, N.M. Salikhov, A.L. Shepetov, Yu.V. Shlyugaev, S.I. Svertilov, W.M. Thu, L.I. Vil’danova, N.N. Zastrozhnova, Z.S. Zhantaev, K.S. Zhilchenko, V.V. Zhukov, K.P. Zybin. Simultaneous observation of lightning emission in different diapasons of electromagnetic spectrum in Tien-Shan mountains. Atmospheric Research. V.211. 2018. P.73-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2018.04.018
- A. Shepetov, A. Chubenko, O. Kryakunova, N. Nikolayevsky, N. Salikhov, V. Yanke. The STM32 microcontroller based pulse intensity registration system for the neutron monitor. European Physical Journal (EPJ Web of Conf.), 145:19002, 2017. DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/201614519002
- V.A. Ryabov, A.M. Almenova, V.P. Antonova, R.U. Beisembayev, S.P. Bezshapov, A.S. Borisov, A.P. Chubenko, O.D. Dalkarov, A.V. Gurevich, A.N. Karashtin, O.N. Kryakynova, G.G. Mitko, R.A. Mukhamedshin, K.M. Mukhashev, R.A. Nam, N.F. Nikolaevsky, V.P. Pavlyuchenko, V.V. Piscal, V.O. Ptitsyn, V.S. Puchkov, N.O. Saduev, N.Kh. Sadykov, N.M. Salikhov, S.B. Shaulov, A.L. Shepetov, Yu.V. Shlyugaev, A.V. Stepanov, WM. Thu, L.I. Vildanova, M.I. Vildanova, N.N. Zastrozhnova, V.V. Zukhov, K.P. Zybin. Modern status of the Tien-Shan cosmic ray station. European Physical Journal (EPJ Web of Conf.), 145:12001, 2017. DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/201714512001
- A.V. Belov, O.N. Kryakunova, A.A. Abunin, M.A. Abunina, S.P. Gaidash, N.F. Nikolayevskiy, N.M. Salikhov, I.L. Tsepakina. Characteristic Behavior of High-Energy Magnetospheric Electrons from 1987 to 2007. Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics, 2017, Vol. 81, No. 2, pp. 211–214. © Allerton Press, Inc., 2017. DOI: 10.3103/S1062873817020083
- A.P.Chubenko, A.L.Shepetov, V.P.Antonova, R.U.Beisembayev, A.S.Borisov, O.D.Dalkarov, O.N.Kryakunova, K.M. Mukashev, R.A.Mukhamedshin, R.A.Nam, N.F.Nikolaevsky, V.P.Pavlyuchenko, V.V.Piskal, V.S.Puchkov, V.A.Ryabov, T.Kh.Sadykov, N.O.Saduev, N.M.Salikhov, S.B.Shaulov, A.V.Stepanov, N.G.Vildanov, L.I.Vildanova, M.I.Vildanova, N.N.Zastrozhnova, V.V.Zhukov. The new EAS detector complex of the Tien Shan mountain cosmic ray station. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. A. 832. 2016. P.158-178.
- A.V. Gurevich, A.M. Almenova, V.P. Antonova, A.P. Chubenko, A.N. Karashtin, O.N. Kryakunova, V.Yu. Lutsenko, G.G. Mitko, M.O. Ptitsyn, V.V. Piscal, V.A. Ryabov, N.M. Salikhov, T.Kh. Sadykov, A.L. Shepetov, Yu.V. Shlyugaev, W.M. Thu, L.I. Vil’danova, N.N. Zastrozhnova, K.P. Zybin. Observations of high-energy radiation during thunderstorms at Tien-Shan. Physical Review. D 94. 023003. 2016.
- M. Papailiou, H. Mavromichalaki, M. Abunina, A. Belov, E. Eroshenko, V. Yanke, O. Kryakunova. Forbush Decreases associated with Western Solar Sources and Geomagnetic Storms: A Study on Precursors. Solar Physics. 2013. (DOI 10.1007/s11207-013-0231-x)
- O.Kryakunova, I.Tsepakina, N.Nikolayevskiy, A.Malimbayev, A.Belov, A.Abunin, M.Abunina, E.Eroshenko, V.Oleneva, V.Yanke. Influence of high-speed streams from coronal holes on cosmic ray intensity in 2007. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 409 (2013) 012181. (doi:10.1088/1742-6596/409/1/012181) IOP Publishing
- M Abunina, A Papaioannou, M Gerontidou, P Paschalis, A Abunin, S Gaidash, I Tsepakina, A Malimbayev, A Belov, H Mavromichalaki, O Kryakunova, P Velinov. Forecasting Geomagnetic Conditions in near-Earth space. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 409 (2013) 012197. (doi:10.1088/1742-6596/409/1/012197) IOP Publishing.
- O. Kryakunova, N. Nikolayevskiy, A. Malimbayev, O. Gontarev, Yu. Levin, O. Sokolova, A. Stepanov, A. Shepetov, I. Tsepakina. Kazakhstan Experimental Complex for Space Weather Investigation. Proceeding of the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, August 11-18 2011, Beijing, China. V.11. P.305-308. (DOI: 10.7529/ICRC2011/V11/0788).
- A.V. Belov, E. A. Eroshenko, O. N. Kryakunova, V. G. Kurt, V. G. Yanke. Ground Level Enhancements of Solar Cosmic Rays during the Last Three Solar Cycles. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy. Vol. 50, No. 1, p.21-33, 2010.
- Mavromichalaki, H., Papaioannou, A., Plainaki, C., Sarlanis, C., Souvatzoglou, G., Gerontidou, M., Papailiou M., Eroshenko, E., Belov, A., Yanke, V., Flückiger, E. O., Bütikofer, R., Parisi, M., Storini, M., Klein K.- L., Fuller, N., Steigies, C. T., Rother, O. M., Heber, B., Wimmer – Schweingruber, R. F., Kudela, K., Strharsky, I., Langer, R., Usoskin, I., Ibragimov, A., Chilingaryan, A., Hovsepyan, G., Reymers, A., Yeghikyan, A., Kryakunova, O., Dryn, E., Nikolayevskiy, N., Dorman, L., Pustil’nik, L. Applications and usage of the real-time Neutron Monitor Database. Advances in Space Research, 47, 2011, p. 2210-2222. (doi:10.1016/j.asr.2010.02.019).
- Kryakunova O.N., Beisembaev R.U., Drobzhev V.I., Dryn E.A., Nikolaevskiy N.F. Identification of solar cosmic ray ground level enhancements at the middle latitudes. Proceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference Rogelio Caballero, Juan Carlos D’Olivo, Gustavo Medina-Tanco, Lukas Nellen, Federico A. Sánchez, José F. Valdés-Galicia (eds.) Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico, 2008. Vol. 1 (SH), pages 245-248.
- Belov A., Eroshenko E., Kryakunova O., Kurt V. and Yanke V. GLEs in the last three solar cycles. Proceedings of the 31st International Cosmic Ray Conference, Lodz, Poland, 7-15 July 2009, paper 0993.
- Belov A., Asipenka A., Dorman L., Eroshenko E. , Kryakunova O., Nikolayevsky N., Shepetov A., Yanke V., Zhang JiLong. A real-time search for solar neutron events in the data of high-altitude neutron monitors. Proceedings of the 31st International Cosmic Ray Conference, Lodz, Poland, 7-15 July 2009, paper 1107.
- R.U. Beisembaev, V.I. Drobzhev, E.A. Dryn, O.N. Kryakunova, N.F.Nikolaevskiy. Solar extreme events on the data of Alma-Ata neutron monitor: Identification of ground level enhancements. Advances in Space Research. V.43, pp. 509-514, 2009.
- A.G. Zusmanovich, O.N.Kryakunova, A.L.Shepetov. The Tien-Shan mountain cosmic ray station of the Ionosphere Institute of Kazakhstan Republic. Advances in Space Research. V.44, pp. 1194-1199, 2009.
- Belov A., Eroshenko E.A, Kryakunova O.N., Kurt V., Yanke V.G. X-ray Flare Characteristics and Probability of Solar Proton Events. Proceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference Rogelio Caballero, Juan Carlos D’Olivo, Gustavo Medina-Tanco, Lukas Nellen, Federico A. Sánchez, José F. Valdés-Galicia (eds.) Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico, 2008. Vol. 1 (SH), pages 167-170.
- Dvornikov V.M., Kravtsova M.V., Lukovnikova A.A., Sdobnov V.E., Belov A.V., Eroshenko E.A., Yanke V.G., Kryakunova O.N. Variations of parameters of rigidity spectrum of cosmic rays during events of January, 2005. Proceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference Rogelio Caballero, Juan Carlos D’Olivo, Gustavo Medina-Tanco, Lukas Nellen, Federico A. Sánchez, José F. Valdés-Galicia (eds.) Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico, 2008. Vol. 1 (SH), pages 155-158.
- Dvornikov V.M., Kravtsova M.V., Lukovnikova A.A., Sdobnov V.E., Kryakunova O.N. Forecast of the solar proton events according to the rigidity spectrum variations of cosmic rays. Proceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference Rogelio Caballero, Juan Carlos D’Olivo, Gustavo Medina-Tanco, Lukas Nellen, Federico A. Sánchez, José F. Valdés-Galicia (eds.) Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico, 2008. Vol. 1 (SH), pages 127-130.
- A.Belov, E. Dryn, E. Eroshenko, O. Kryakunova, V. Oleneva, V. Yanke, M. Papailiou. Behavior of the cosmic ray vector anisotropy near interplanetary shocks. Proceedings of 21st ECRS, Košice, Slovakia, 9 — 12 September 2008, p.347-350.
- A.Amurina, V.P.Antonova, G.M.Antova, A.P.Chubenko, V.I.Drobzhev, O.N.Kryakunova, S.V.Kryukov, A.L. Shepetov, et.all Current state of the ATHLET set-up at the Tien-Shan //Nuclear Physics B (proc.Suppl.) 151, 2006, p. 422-425.
- Amurina I.V., Autova G.M., Drobzhev V.I., Kryakunova O.N. et al. Modern State of the ATHLET Setup at the Tien Shan. International Journal of Modern Physics A.V.20, N29. 2005. P. 6778-6780.
- Belov A.V., Eroshenko E.A., Yanke V.G., Kryakunova O.N., Nikolaevskiy N.F. Space Weather Research: the Connection between Satellite Malfunction Data and Cosmic Ray Activity Indices. International Journal of Modern Physics A.V.20, N29. 2005. P. 6675-6677.
- Beisembaev R.U., Dryn E.A., Kryakunova O.N. Solar Neutrons and Information Criterion. International Journal of Modern Physics A.V.20, N29. 2005. P. 6672-6674.
- Belov A.V., Drobzhev V.I., Eroshenko E.A., Kryakunova O.N., Nikolaevskiy N.F., Yanke V.G. Zhantaev Zh.Sh. Space Weather Research by means of High Mountain Alma-Ata Neutron Monitor. Multi-Wavelength Investigations of Solar Activity. Proceeding of the 223th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union. Cambridge University Press, 2004. P. 543-544.
- Belov A., Dorman L., Iucci N., Kryakunova O., Ptitsyna N. The relation of high- and low-orbit satellite anomalies to different geophysical parameters.// in «Effects of Space Weather on Technology Infrastructure» edited by I.A. Daglis, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, NATO Science Series II, 2004, Vol.176, pp. 147-163.
- Mavromichalaki H., Yanke V., Dorman L., Iucci N., Chilingaryan A., Kryakunova O. Neutron Monitor Network in Real Time and Space Weather Tasks.// in «Effects of Space Weather on Technology Infrastructure» edited by I.A. Daglis, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, NATO Science Series II, 2004, Vol.176, pp.301-316.